CV (Oct. 2011)

Christine L. Goodale
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology
E215 Corson Hall
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853 USA
phone: (607) 254-4211
skype: christygoodale

Goodale Lab Home | People | Lab Events | Research | Teaching | Prospective Students
Areas of Expertise Acid rain, biogeochemistry, carbon sequestration, climate change, ecosystem ecology, forest ecosystems, global change, land-use change, nitrogen cycling, nitrogen retention, watershed processes


Associate Professor, 2010-present; Assistant Professor, 2003-2010, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY.

Postdoctoral Fellow, 2001-2003, The Woods Hole Research Center, Woods Hole, MA.

Postdoctoral Fellow, 1999-2001, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Department of Plant Biology, Stanford, CA.


Ph.D. Natural Resources, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire, 1999.

M.S. Natural Resources, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire, 1995.

A.B. Biology/Geography, and Environmental Studies, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, 1992.

Fellowships and Awards
  • National Science Foundation, Early Career Award (NSF-CAREER), 2009
  • Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future (ACSF) Faculty Fellow, Cornell
  • Alexander Hollaender Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellowship. U.S. Department of Energy, 1999
  • Sigma Xi Outstanding Dissertation Award. University of New Hampshire, April 1999
  • NASA Earth System Science Fellowship, 1995

Professional Service (Selected)


  • Guest Editor, Environmental Pollution, Special Issue: Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity, October, 2011.
  • Editorial board, Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, 2009–present.
  • Editorial board, Ecosystems, 20042007.

Conference Organization

  • BIOGEOMON, Co-chair, Session on Coupled Biogeochemical Cycles, Maine, USA, July 2012.
  • CLIMANI/INTERFACE network meeting, Co-chair, Session on Acidification and Base Cations, Keflavik, Iceland, June 2011.
  • American Geophysical Union (AGU) Fall Meeting, Co-chair, Session on Nitrogen and Climate, San Francisco, Dec. 2010.
  • U.S. EPA Workshop on Nitrogen and Climate; Chair, Nitrogen Effects on Greenhouse Gas Balance, Nov. 2010
  • BIOGEOMON, Chair, Session on New Insights on Nitrogen Cycling, Helsinki, Finland, July 2009.
  • North American Carbon Program (NACP) All-Investigators Meeting, Meeting Planning Committee, and Co-organizer Coupled C-N Processes breakout, San Diego, CA, Feb. 2009
  • Northeastern Ecosystem Research Cooperative, Biennial meeting, Nov. 2006, 2008, 2010.
  • ACID RAIN, Chair, Session on Nitrogen Effects on Ecosystems, Prague, Czech Republic. June 2005.

Advisory Panels and Working Groups

  • US EPA Ecological Effects Subcommittee of the Advisory Council on Clean Air Compliance Analysis, 2004-2006, 2010.
  • National Ecological Observation Network (NEON) Science, Technology, and Education Advisory Committee (STEAC) 2008–present.
  • Critical Loads for Nitrogen for U.S. Ecosystems, Working Group, Nov. 2007–present.
  • Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study, an NSF Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) Site, Committee of Scientists. Fall 2003-present.
  • The Hubbard Brook Research Foundation Working Groups: Status and Effects of Nitrogen Pollution in the Northeastern United States, 2001-2003; Carbon Sequestration in the Northeastern United States, 2005-2009.
  • Union of Concerned Scientists, Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Northeast. 2005-2007.
  • National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS, Santa Barbara, CA) Working Groups: International SCOPE Nitrogen Project. NCEAS, Santa Barbara, California, 1999-2001; The Carbon Balance of Eurasia and North America, 1999-2002.

Professional Societies

  • Ecological Society of America (ESA); Biogeosciences Section, Elected Secretary, 2004-2006.
  • American Geophysical Union (AGU); Biogeochemistry Section.
  • Northeastern Ecosystem Research Cooperative (NERC), Elected Steering Committee 2004-2008, 2008-2012.
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science.


  • Program Director, Graduate Student Training in Cross-Scale Biogeochemistry and Climate. Aug. 2011-present.
  • Director of Undergraduate Studies, Dept. of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, 2008-2011.
  • Environmental Science Planning Task Force, Spring 2010.
  • Atkinson Center for a Sustainable Future, Climate Change Steering Committee, 2008-present.
  • Search Committees: Asst. Prof. in Global Biogeochemical Dynamics (Co-Chair); Asst. or Assoc. Prof. of Terrestrial Biogeochemistry.
  • Graduate Advising: Field of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology; Committee Chair, Marissa Weiss, April Melvin, R. Quinn Thomas, Marc Barker; and 13 graduate student committees.
  • Undergraduate Advising: Curriculum Committees for College of Agriculture & Life Science (2009-present), Office of Undergraduate Biology (2008-2011), and Department of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology (2008-present); Majors in Biology Major / Ecology & Evolutionarary Biology, and Science of Natural and Environmental Science (SNES).
  • Faculty Advisor: Cornell Women's Rowing Team, Enviro-Mentors mentoring program, Biogeochemistry and Environmental Biocomplexity Graduate Student Asociation.

Presentations (Selected)

Goodale, CL, †RQ Thomas, MS Weiss, C Tonitto. (Invited) Nitrogen deposition effects on forest carbon storage, Nitrogen and the Human Endeavor, American Chemical Society annual meeting, Denver, CO, Aug. 2011.

Goodale, CL, MS Weiss, C Tonitto, M Stone. (Invited) Nitrogen deposition and soil carbon sequestration: enzymes, experiments, and model estimates. AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Dec. 2010.

Goodale, CL, G Bonan, S Frey, P Groffman, E Holland, L Liu, K Nadelhoffer. Nitrogen deposition effects on greenhouse gas balance. (Invited) EPA Workshop on Nitrogen and Climate, Crystal City, VA, Nov. 2010.

Goodale, CL, †RQ Thomas, F Dentener, MB Adams, JS Baron, RD Bowden, DB Dail, BA Emmett, CD Evans, IJ Fernandez, P Gundersen, F Hagedorn, A Kulmatiski, GM Lovett, SG McNulty, †AM Melvin, F Moldan, SV Ollinger, P Schleppi, LJ Sheppard, †MS Weiss. Nitrogen Deposition and Forest Carbon Sequestration: a Quantitative Review from Plot to Global Scales. AGU Fall Meeting, San Francisco, Dec. 2009.

Goodale, CL. (Invited) Carbon and nutrient cycling responses to N deposition in forests and woodlands. Workshop on Nitrogen Assessment Science in the USA, Boulder, CO, May 2010.

Goodale, CL. (Invited Plenary) Importance of N deposition effects on ecosystem services and interactions with other pollutants and climate change. Workshop on Nitrogen Deposition, Critical Loads and Biodiversity, Edinburgh, Scotland UK, Nov. 2009.

Goodale, CL , and SA Thomas. (Invited) The Curious DOC:Nitrate Curve: Evidence of Coupled C-N Cycling from Observations, Ecosystem Experiments, and 15N Tracers. BIOGEOMON, Santa Cruz, CA. June 2006.

Goodale, CL. (Invited) Controls on N Export from Terrestrial Ecosystems. ESA Symposium, “Ecosystem ecology at the watershed scale: linking biogeochemical cycles across the terrestrial-aquatic divide,” Ecological Society of America Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada. August 2005.

Goodale, CL. (Invited) Patterns & Processes of Carbon and Nitrogen Sequestration at a Range of Spatial and Temporal Scales. Gordon Research Conference on Catchment Science: Interactions of Hydrology, Biology and Geochemistry, Waterville, Maine. July 2005.

Goodale, CL, and RA Houghton. (Invited) Direct human-induced effects: estimates of carbon stocks and fluxes from land-use change. U.S. National Academy, National Research Council, Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Workshop on Direct and Indirect Human Contributions to Terrestrial Greenhouse Gas Fluxes, Washington, D.C. Sept. 2003.

Publications (#undergraduate or †graduate student in research group)

Peer-Reviewed Journals

In Press

#Stone, MM, †MS Weiss, CL Goodale, MB Adams, IJ Fernandez, DP German, S Allison. Using soil enzymes to explain observed differences in the response of soil decomposition to nitrogen fertilization. Global Change Biology

Greaver TL, T Sullivan, JD Herrick, M Barber, J Baron, B Cosby, M Deerhake, R Dennis, JJD Dubois, CL Goodale, A Herlihy, G Lawrence, L Liu, J Lynch, KNovak. A synthesis of the ecological effects of air pollution from nitrogen and sulfur in the U.S. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment

Pardo, LH, ME Fenn, CL Goodale, LH Geiser, CT Driscoll, EB Allen, JS Baron, R Bobbink, WD Bowman, CM Clark, BA Emmett, FS Gilliam, TL Greaver, SJ Hall, EA Lilleskov, L Liu, JA Lynch, KJ Nadelhoffer, SS Perakis, MJ Robbin-Abbott, JL Stoddard, KC Weathers, and RL Dennis. 2011. Effects of nitrogen deposition and empirical nitrogen critical loads for ecoregions of the United States. Ecological Applications. DOI 10.1890/10-2341.1


Goodale, CL , NB Dise, and MA Sutton. 2011. Introduction: Special issue on nitrogen deposition, critical loads and biodiversity. Environmental Pollution 159:2211-2213.

Curtis, CJ, CD Evans, CL Goodale, and THE Heaton. 2011. What have stable isotope studies revealed about the nature and mechanisms of N saturation and nitrate leaching from semi-natural catchments? Ecosystems. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-011-9461-7

Lovett, GM, and CL Goodale. 2011. A new conceptual model of nitrogen saturation based on experimental nitrogen addition to an oak forest. Ecosystems 14:615-631.

Rau, BM, †AM Melvin, DW Johnson, CL Goodale, RR Blank, G Fredriksen, WW Miller, JD Murphy, DE Todd Jr., RF Walter. 2011. Revisiting soil carbon and nitrogen sampling: quantitative pits versus rotary cores. Soil Science 176:273-279.

†Thomas, RQ, CD Canham, KC Weathers, CL Goodale. 2010. Increased tree carbon storage in response to nitrogen deposition in the US. Nature Geoscience 3:13-17.

Keeton, WS, AA Whitman, GG McGee, and CL Goodale. 2010. Late-successional biomass development in Northern hardwood-conifer forests of the Northeastern United States. Forest Science.

Fahey, TJ, PB Woodbury, JJ Battles, CL Goodale, S Hamburg, SV Ollinger, CW Woodall. 2010. Forest carbon storage: ecology, management, and policy. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 8 (5):245-252. DOI:10.1890/080169.

Major, J, J Lehmann, M Rondon, C Goodale. 2010. Fate of soil-applied black carbon: downward migration, leaching and soil respiration. Global Change Biology DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02044.x

Goodale, CL , SA Thomas, G Fredriksen, EM Elliott, TJ Butler, KM Flinn, and MT Walter. 2009. Unusual seasonal patterns and inferred processes of nitrogen retention in forested headwaters of the Upper Susquehanna River. Biogeochemistry 93:197-219. DOI:10.1007/s10533-009-9298-8

Evans, CD, CL Goodale, SJ Caporn, NB Dise, BA Emmett, IJ Fernandez, CD Field, SEG Findlay, GM Lovett, H Messenberg, F Moldan, LJ Sheppard. 2008. Does elevated nitrogen deposition or ecosystem recovery from acidification drive increased dissolved organic carbon loss from upland soil? A review of evidence from field nitrogen addition experiments. Biogeochemistry 91:13-35.

Ollinger, SV, CL Goodale, K Hayhoe, JP Jenkins. 2008. Potential effects of climate change and rising CO2 on ecosystem processes in Northeastern U.S. forests. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change 13:467-485.

Evans, CD, B Reynolds, A Jenkins, RC Helliwell, CJ Curtis, CL Goodale, RC Ferrier, BA Emmett, M Pilkington, SJM Caporn, JA Carroll, D Norriss, J Davies, and MC Coull. 2006. Soil carbon pool determines susceptibility of semi-natural ecosystems to nitrogen saturation. Ecosystems 9:453-462.

Pardo, LP, P Templer, CL Goodale, S Duke, PM Groffman, +27 NERC 15N workshop participants. 2006. Regional assessment of N saturation using foliar and root δ15N. Biogeochemistry. 80:143-171.

Howarth, RW, D Swaney, EW Boyer, R Marino, N Jaworski, and CL Goodale. 2006. The influence of climate on average nitrogen export from large watersheds in the northeastern U.S. Biogeochemistry. 79:163-186.

Goodale, CL , JD Aber, PM Vitousek, and WH McDowell. 2005. Long-term decreases in stream nitrate: successional causes unlikely; possible links to DOC? Ecosystems 8:334-337.

Goodale, CL, JD Aber, and PM Vitousek. 2003. An unexpected nitrate decline in New Hampshire streams. Ecosystems 6(1):75-86.

Aber, JD, CL Goodale, SV Ollinger, M-L Smith, AH Magill, ME Martin, RA Hallett, and JL Stoddard. 2003. Is nitrogen deposition altering the nitrogen status of Northeastern Forests? BioScience 23(4):375-390.

Driscoll, CT, DR Whitall, JD Aber, EW Boyer, M Castro, C Cronan, CL Goodale, P Groffman, C Hopkinson, KF Lambert, G Lawrence, SV Ollinger. 2003. Nitrogen pollution in the Northeastern United States: sources, effects, and management options. BioScience 23(4):357-374.

Driscoll, CT, DR Whitall, JD Aber, EW Boyer, M Castro, C Cronan, CL Goodale, P Groffman, C Hopkinson, KF Lambert, G Lawrence, and SV Ollinger. 2003. Nitrogen Pollution: Sources and Consequences in the U.S. Northeast. Environment 45(7):8-22.

Yanai, RD, WS Currie, and CL Goodale. 2003. Soil carbon dynamics following forest harvest: an ecosystem paradigm reviewed. Ecosystems 6(3):197-212.

Goodale, CL, MJ Apps, RA Birdsey, CB Field, LS Heath, RA Houghton, JC Jenkins, GH Kohlmaier, WA Kurz, S Liu, G-J Nabuurs, S Nilsson, AZ Shvidenko. 2002. Forest carbon sinks in the Northern Hemisphere. Ecological Applications 12(3):891-899.

Goodale, CL, K Lajtha, KJ Nadelhoffer, EW Boyer, and NA Jaworski. 2002. Forest nitrogen sinks in large eastern U.S. watersheds: estimates from forest inventory and an ecosystem model. Biogeochemistry 57/58:239-266.

Boyer, EW, CL Goodale, NA Jaworski, and RW Howarth. 2002. Anthropogenic nitrogen sources and relationships to riverine nitrogen export in the northeastern U.S.A. Biogeochemistry 57/58:137-169.

van Breemen, N, EW Boyer, CL Goodale, NA Jaworski, K Paustian, S Seitzinger, K Lajtha, B Mayer, D van Dam, RW Howarth, KJ Nadelhoffer, M Eve, and G Billen. 2002. Where did all the nitrogen go? Fate of nitrogen inputs to large watersheds in the northeastern U.S.A. Biogeochemistry 57:267-293.

Mayer, B, EW Boyer, CL Goodale, NA Jaworski, N van Breemen, RW Howarth, S Seitzinger, G Billen, K Lajtha, K Nadelhoffer, D van Dam, LJ Hetling, M Nosal, and K Paustian. 2002. Sources of nitrate in rivers draining sixteen watersheds in the northeastern US: isotopic constraints. Biogeochemistry. 57/58:171-197.

Ollinger, SV, M-L Smith, ME Martin, RA Hallett, CL Goodale, and JD Aber. 2002. Regional variation in foliar chemistry and soil nitrogen status among forests of diverse history and composition. Ecology 83(2):339-355.

Smith, M-L, SV Ollinger, ME Martin, JD Aber, RA Hallett, and CL Goodale. 2002. Direct estimation of aboveground forest productivity through hyperspectral remote sensing of canopy nitrogen. Ecological Applications 12(5):1286-1232.

Aber, JD, SV Ollinger, CT Driscoll, GE Likens, RT Holmes, R Freuder, and CL Goodale. 2002. Inorganic N losses from forested ecosystems in response to physical, chemical, biotic and climatic perturbations. Ecosystems 5(7):648-658.

Goodale, CL and JD Aber. 2001. The long-term effects of land-use history on nitrogen cycling in northern hardwood forests. Ecological Applications 11(1):253-267.

Pacala, SW, GC Hurtt, D Baker, P Peylin, RA Houghton, RA Birdsey, L Heath, ET Sundquist, RF Stallard, P Ciais, P Moorcroft, JP Caspersen, E Shevliakova, B Moore, G Kohlmaier, E Holland, M Gloor, ME Harmon, S-M Fan, JL Sarmiento, CL Goodale, D Schimel, and CB Field. 2001. Consistent land- and atmosphere-based U.S. carbon sink estimates. Science 292:2316-2320.

Schimel, DS, JI House, KA Hibbard, P Bousquet, P Ciais, P Peylin, RH Brasswell, MJ Apps, D Baker, A Bondeau, J Canadell, G Churkina, W Cramer, S Denning, CB Field, P Friedlingstein, CL Goodale, M Heimann, RA Houghton, JM Melillo, B Moore III, D Murdiyarso, I Noble, SW Pacala, IC Prentice, MR Raupach, PJ Rayner, RJ Scholes, WL Steffen, and C Wirth. 2001. Recent patterns and mechanisms of carbon exchange by terrestrial ecosystem. Nature 414:169-172.

Goodale, CL, JD Aber, and WH McDowell. 2000. The long-term effects of disturbance on organic and inorganic nitrogen export in the White Mountains, New Hampshire. Ecosystems 3:433-450.

Goodale, CL, JD Aber, and SV Ollinger. 1998. Mapping monthly precipitation, temperature, and solar radiation for Ireland with polynomial regression and a digital elevation model. Climate Research 10:35-49.

Goodale, CL, JD Aber, and EP Farrell. 1998. Predicting the relative sensitivity of forest production in Ireland to site quality and climate change. Climate Research 10:51-67.

Peer-Reviewed Book Chapters or Technical Reports


Pardo, LH, LT Geiser, CL Goodale, CT Driscoll, M Fenn, E Allen, J Baron, R Bobbink, B Bowman, C Clark, B Emmett, F Gilliam, T Greaver, SJ Hall, EA Lilleskov, L Liu, J Lynch, K Nadelhoffer, S Perakis, J Stoddard, and K Weathers. Assessment of effects of N deposition and empirical critical loads for nitrogen for ecoregions of the United States. USDA Forest Service General Technical Report, 200 pp.

Greaver, T, J Arnold, JS Baron, BJ Cosby Jr., R Daniels, CL Goodale, AT Herlihy, J Herrick, AJ Krupnick, K Fallon Lambert, GB Lawrence, L Liu, TC McDonnell, K Novak, J Pinto, R Scheffe, J Siikamaki, TJ Sullivan, H Van Miegroet, PF Wagner. 2007. Integrated Science Assessment (ISA) for Oxides of Nitrogen and Sulfur Environmental Criteria. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-07/145A. 454 pages.

Houghton, RA, and CL Goodale. 2004. Effects of land-use change on the carbon balance of terrestrial ecosystems. Pages 85-98 in DeFries, RS, GP Asner, and RA Houghton, eds. Ecosystems and Land-Use Change. American Geophysical Union.

Currie, WS, RD Yanai, KB Piatek, CE Prescott, and CL Goodale. 2002. Processes affecting carbon storage in the forest floor and in downed woody debris. Chapter 9, Pages 135-157, In: JM Kimble, LS Heath, RA Birdsey, and R Lal, editors, The Potential for U.S. Forest Soils to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

Vitousek, PM, JD Aber, CL Goodale, and GH Aplet. Global change and wilderness science. 2000. In: Cole, DN et al., eds. Wilderness Science in a Time of Change Conference – Vol. 1: Changing perspectives and future directions. Proc. RMRS-P-VOL-1. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station.

Other Publications (Non-Peer-Reviewed)

David, MB, GF McIsaac, RW Howarth, CL Goodale, and LE Drinkwater. 2004. Fertilizer: Complex issue calls for informed debate. Comment, Nature 427:99.

Goodale, CL. Nitrogen retention in eastern old-growth forests: early warning signs of nitrogen saturation. 2005. Pages 36-38 in KP Bennett, ed. Moving Toward Sustainable Forestry: Lessons from Old Growth Forests. Proceedings of the 6th Eastern Old Growth Forest Conference. Univ. of New Hampshire Cooperative Extension Natural Resource Network Report. Durham, NH.

Goodale, CL, and RA Houghton. 2004. Direct human-induced effects: estimates of carbon stocks and fluxes from land use change. P. 20-22, presentation summarized by R Coppock and S Johnson. Direct and Indirect Human Contributions to Terrestrial Carbon fluxes: a Workshop Summary. National Academies Press, Washington, DC.

Goodale, CL. 2003. Fire in the White Mountains: An Historical Perspective. Appalachia 54(3):60-75. pdf

Goodale, CL and EA Davidson. 2002. Uncertain sinks in the shrubs. News & Views, Nature 418:593-594.